Dairy farming is a class of agriculture for long-term production of milk, which is processed (either on the farm or at a dairy plant, either of which may be called a dairy) for eventual sale of a dairy product.
In 2001, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) selected June 1st as World Milk Day, which celebrates the important contributions of the dairy sector to sustainability, economic development, livelihoods and nutrition.
Milk is a nutrient-rich, white liquid food produced by the mammary glands of mammals. It is the primary source of nutrition for infant mammals (including humans who are breastfed) before they are able to digest other types of food. Early-lactation milk contains colostrum, which carries the mother’s antibodies to its young and can reduce the risk of many diseases. It contains many other nutrients including protein and lactose. Inter species consumption of milk is not uncommon, particularly among humans, many of whom consume the milk of other mammals.
As an agricultural product, milk, also called dairy milk, is extracted from farm animals during or soon after pregnancy. Dairy farms produced about 730 million tonnes of milk in 2011 from 260 million dairy cows. India is the world’s largest producer of milk, and is the leading exporter of skimmed milk powder, yet it exports few other milk products. The ever increasing rise in domestic demand for dairy products and a large demand-supply gap could lead to India being a net importer of dairy products in the future. The United States, India, China and Brazil are the world’s largest exporters of milk and milk products. China and Russia were the world’s largest importers of milk and milk products until 2016 when both countries became self-sufficient, contributing to a worldwide glut of milk.
According to Statista, “over the past couple millennia there has been an incredible amount of creativity and innovation when it comes to processing, fermenting, and consuming dairy products. In 2017, the volume of the dairy market worldwide was estimated to be about 216 metric tons, which is projected to grow to 234 metric tons by 2021. Perhaps unsurprisingly, liquid milk takes up the highest share of the global dairy market at 54 percent as of 2017, followed by yogurt and other products”.
It is a well-known fact that the dairy industry actively contributes to the economies of a number of communities, regions and countries. An increasing demand worldwide is noticeably emerging at present, and the industry is globalizing, thus increasing the scope and intensity of the global dairy trade. However, the question of how and on what criteria we can objectively assess the economic benefits of the dairy sector still remains.
The dairy sector can play an important role in providing jobs for rural communities. Dairy production and processing provide employment, not only to people who work on dairy farms or in dairy plants, but also to the whole sector, from upstream (inputs and services provide) to downstream (marketing of finished product). At farm level, it is possible to account for the number of people working on dairy farms in comparison with the total agricultural labor force, as was done recently for 27 countries.
The various products gotten from dairy also explains the importance of the dairy industry. These includes Butter, meat, cheese, yoghurt, and milk.The milk is renown in products such as:Buttermilk, cookies, Custard, Eggnoc, Kefir, etc
Globally, around 150 million small-scale dairy households, equivalent to 750 million people, are engaged in milk production. To these millions of jobs, employment linked with transporting, processing and marketing the milk can be added. For example, FAO also estimates that in East Africa and the Near East, for every 100 litres of milk produced locally, up to five jobs are created in related industries.
According to FAO, Approximately 150 million households around the globe are engaged in milk production. In most developing countries, milk is produced by smallholders, and milk production contributes to household livelihoods, food security and nutrition. Milk provides relatively quick returns for small-scale producers and is an important source of cash income.
All these statistics show that the Agricultural sector is very important and will stay winning for years to come. The Industry basically need more of Industrialization of the processes so that there can be speedy and accurate procedures in the running of things.
For those that are vegetarians or solely enjoy plant based meals, there are other milk options apart from dairy that can be looked into such as the Oat milk, hemp milk, Tigernut milk, banana milk, flax milk, Almond milk, Soy milk.
As we have celebrated milk day on 1st June, 2019 with the Theme: Drink milk today and every day, we Salute and encourage those in Dairy production and Cultivation of plants yielding milk to keep at it. We encourage them not to give on their trade because we cannot drink milk today and Every day without their efforts.